Rules for 1031 Exchange in 2024

The Comprehensive Guide to 1031 Exchange Rules in 2024

The Rules of 1031 Exchange

The 1031 exchange rules are straightforward. Here are the key points:

Like-Kind Property:

The properties being exchanged must be of the same nature or character, regardless of their grade or quality. This means you can exchange an apartment building for raw land, or a ranch for a strip mall2. The term “like-kind” refers to the nature or character of the property, not its grade or quality3. The properties do not need to be of similar grade or quality to qualify.


Same Taxpayer:

The taxpayer who sells the property must be the same taxpayer who buys the property. This rule aims to ensure that the tax benefits associated with a 1031 exchange are limited to the taxpayer who is actively engaged in the exchange process, rather than allowing the benefits to be transferred to another individual or entity.


Investment or Business Property:

The properties in the exchange must be held for investment or business purposes718910. Personal residences don’t qualify for a 1031 exchange8. The subject properties must be held for investment or used in a trade or business.


Equal or Greater Value:

To fully avoid paying any tax, the net market value and equity of the property acquired must be the same as, or greater than, the property sold. Your replacement property has to be equal to or greater than the value of your exchange funds.


1031 Exchange Timeline:

The IRS has set specific time limits for completing a 1031 exchange. You have 45 days from the date of the original property’s sale to identify a new property to reinvest the proceeds15. You have only 180 days from the original sale date to close the deal on the new investment property.

Types of 1031 Exchanges

There are several types of 1031 exchanges:

  • Delayed Exchanges: The most common type where the property is transferred first, and the replacement property is acquired second.
  • Reverse Exchanges: Allows an investor to acquire a new property first and sell the old property second.
  • Improvement Exchanges: Allows the investor to construct improvements on the replacement property.
  • Blended Exchanges: Combines different exchange formats into one exchange, particularly useful when more than two properties are involved.

Latest News on 1031 Exchange

The Biden Administration’s proposed FY 2024 budget includes the creation of “capped deferral” for 1031 exchanges. In this proposed concept, taxpayers in FY2024 would be able to defer capital gains only up to an aggregated amount of $500,000 for each taxpayer ($1 million for joint filers).


The 1031 exchange is a powerful tool for real estate investors, allowing them to defer capital gains taxes and strategically reinvest in like-kind properties. However, it’s essential to understand the rules and stay updated with the latest changes to maximize its benefits.